The ketogenic diet is a high fat, medium protein, low carbohydrate diet that has been proven to result in more effective weight loss and improved metabolic state and brain function. On a ketogenic diet, your entire body switches its fuel supply to run mostly on fat instead of carbohydrates, burning fat 24-7. Usually, the carbohydrates contained in food are transformed into glucose that is then transported around the body and is particularly important in fueling brain function. However, when carbs intake is decreased, the liver converts fat into fatty acids and ketone bodies. The ketone bodies transported into the brain and replace glucose as an energy source. With low insulin levels and an increased level of ketone bodies in the blood, your body enters into a state known as ketosis, leading to number of benefits such as weight loss, less hunger and steady supply of energy.
There are different types ketogenic diets that suggest different carbohydrates intake levels per day depending on diet purpose.
The standard ketogenic diet (SKD) – the most popular form - restricts a net carb intake to 20 and 50 grams per day, often even less. The SKD is the best option for individuals just starting a low carb or ketogenic diet. Decreasing carbohydrates intake significantly helps to alter your metabolism. With reduced carbs in organism, your body starts looking for its second favoured fuel source - fats.
The targeted ketogenic diet (TKD) is preferred by individuals who live an active lifestyle, which requires a bit of carbs to fuel their workouts. The TKD allows for 20 to 50 additional grams of carbs per day before and after workouts.
The cyclical ketogenic diet (CKD) is popular among professional athletes, those seeking muscle growth and improved exercise performance. The CKD adheres to standard ketogenic diet for the majority of the week (5-6 days per week) followed by 1-2 days of higher carb consumption. During these 1-2 days of increased carb intake, you can consume up to 400 to 600 grams of carbohydrates in order to completely refuel your glucose reserves.
What to eat on Keto diet
The general rule is to eat low-carb foods such as unprocessed meat, fish, eggs, vegetables and natural fats like butter or avocado oil. Foods full of sugar and starch such as potatoes, bananas, wheat should be avoided. Try to replace your staples with high-fat low-carb options, for example:
- Low-Carb High Fat nuts, such as almonds or macadamia nuts (macadamia nuts are great to prevent constipation)
Our popular Keto snacks are:
The following meal ingredients are the best options for the Keto diet:
- Kettle & Fire Bone Broth (excellent source of eletrolytes making it an ideal food to prevent or fight keto flu)
The following ingredients are perfect for Keto baking: